There were actually five rivers of the Underworld; Styx was the river of hate and seperated the living realm from the realm of the dead. Acheron was the river of woe, Cocytus was the river of lamentation, Phlegethon was the river of fire, and Lethe was the river of forgetfulness.I think, when I was taught mythology in school, the river that the dead was ferried across was the Styx. However I have read that in ancient Greek mythology, Acheron was known as the river of pain, and was one of the five rivers of the Greek underworld. The newly-dead would be ferried across the Acheron by Charon, to enter the Underworld. Maybe some books or people got confused since the Styx runs off of the Acheron river.
oh i see, i thought they will live a mortal life for nine years, without nectar and ambrosia to taste.If a god gave his oath upon the river Styx and failed to keep his word, Zeus forced that god to drink from the river itself. The water is said to be so foul that the god would lose their voice for nine years.
so true! so it really must be like a shameful experience for them.I'm not sure where I heard it, but from what I remember it was a pretty big shame for a god to have their immortality taken away, somuchso that if humans found out they could potentially attack that powerless god!
No, you weren't mistaken, although the Styx is not the only Underworld river across which Kharon (Charon) transported the dead. In addition to the Styx and the Akheron, Kharon is also mentioned having ferried the shades of the dead across the Lethe and the Kokytos in order to get them from the entrance of the Underworld to the place of judgement at the royal court of King Haides (Hades) and Queen Persephone. Among the five main rivers of the realm, the Pyriphlegethon seems to be the only one which receives no mention of Kharon having sailed upon it, and the reason seems to be that Kharon's leaky boat was not fireproof. All the same, all five rivers made up a network of streams in the realm: the Kokytos was a tributary of the Styx and, together with the Pyriphlegethon, it flowed into the Akheron. A minor river called the Aornis (Latin Avernis) was another tributary of the Styx and, flowing mostly in the upper world in the land of the living, it drained into Lake Aornos (or Avernus as the Romans called it) in Cumae, Italy.I always thought Charon ferried the dead across the river Styx, but I just read that he actually crosses Acheron. Was I mistaken all this time?